compiled by Simon Taylor

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Watson CPNS, ch. XII ‘British-Gaelic names’ and ch. XIII ‘Some general terms’.

Nicolaisen, SPN, ch. 7 ‘Gaelic names’

In Thomson, Companion to Gaelic Scotland:
MacQueen ‘Place-names, Gaelic, in Galloway and Ayrshire’;
Jackson‘Place-names, Gaelic, in Pictland’,
Nicolaisen, ‘Place-names, Gaelic, in Scotland’.

A useful listing of Gaelic names and terms is in

MacAulay, D. 1971-2 Studying the place names of Bernera’, Transactions of the Gaelic Society of Inverness 47, 316-18: basic elements; 318-29: examples of modifying elements, structure and usage of Gaelic place-names. Also on Ordnance Survey website, Gaelic Place-Names

Barrow, G.W.S., 1989, ‘The Lost Gàidhealtachd’, in Alba agus a’ Ghàidhlig: Gaelic and Scotland, ed. W.Gillies, 67-88 [also in Barrow, G.W.S. 1992, Scotland and its Neighbours in the Middle Ages (London), 105-26].

Important material relating to Gaelic place-names in Scotland.

Clancy, Thomas Owen, 2011, ‘Gaelic in Medieval Scotland: Advent and Expansion’, Proceedings of the British Academy 167, 349-92 [Sir John Rhŷs Memorial Lecture, March 2009].

King, Jacob, (ed.), 2019, Scottish Gaelic place-names: the collected works of Charles M. Robertson 1864-1927 (Isle of Skye)

MacBain, A., 1911, An Etymological Dictionary of the Gaelic Language (reprinted by Gairm Publications 1982).

MacIlleathain, Ruaraidh, 2007, A’ Ghàidhlig air Aghaidh na Tìre/Gaelic in the Landscape (Place names in the North West Highlands), Scottish Natural Heritage (bilingual Gaelic and English). Currently out of print, but available online on

Nicolaisen, W.F.H., 1970 ‘Gaelic Place-names in Southern Scotland’, Studia Celtica 5, 15-35.

Ó Maolalaigh, R. 1998 ‘Place-names as a resource for the historical linguist’, in Taylor, Uses of Place-Names, 12-53.

Taylor, S., 1996/7 ‘Ainmean Gàidhlig air a’Ghalldachd Gaelic names in the Scottish Lowlands’, Cothrom 10, 17-20. [Pictish and Gaelic interaction, as evidenced in place-names]

Taylor, S., 1997 ‘Gàidhlig an Dùthchas nan Gall/Gaelic in Lowland Heritage’, Cothrom 11, 14-16. [Gaelic and Scots interaction, as evidenced in place-names]