Language Change and Contact


compiled by Simon Taylor

Please contact the webmaster if you think there are any omissions to this list.


Barrow, G.W.S., 1980, The Anglo-Norman Era (Oxford) [especially chapter ‘The pattern of settlement’]

Broun, D., 1998, ‘Gaelic literacy in eastern Scotland, 1124-1249’, in Literacy in Medieval Celtic Societies, ed. Huw Pryce (Cambridge), 183-201.

Gammeltoft, Peder, 2004, ‘Scandinavian-Gaelic contacts. Can place-names and place-name elements be used as a source for contact-linguistic research?’. North-Western European Language Evolution, 44, 51-90.

Hough, Carole, 2012, ‘Celts in Scandinavian Scotland and Anglo-Saxon England: Place-names and language contact reconsidered’, in Language Contact and Development around the North Sea, ed. Merja Stenroos, Martti Mäkinen and Inge Særheim (John Benjamins Publishing Company, Amsterdam).

Nicolaisen, W.F.H., 1988 ‘Gaelic and Scots 1300-1600: some place-name evidence’, in D.S. Thomson (ed.), Gaelic and Scots in Harmony (Glasgow) 20-35.

Taylor, S., 1994 ‘Babbet and Bridin Pudding or Polyglot Fife in the Middle Ages’, Nomina 17, 99-118.