compiled by Simon Taylor

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Nicolaisen, SPN, ch.6 ‘Scandinavian names’;

NB to be read in conjunction with
Rixson 2010 (‘Shadow’)

Oftedal in Thomson, Companion to Gaelic Scotland, under ‘Place-names, Norse’.

A very useful listing of common Norse names and terms is in

MacAulay, D. 1971-2 ‘Studying the place names of Bernera’, Transactions of the Gaelic Society of Inverness 47, 329-30: basic elements; 330-6: examples of modifying elements, structure and usage of Norse place-names.
See also on Ordnance Survey web-site, Scandinavian Place-Names

Cox, R. A. V., 1989a, ‘Place-name evidence in the west of Lewis: approaches and problems in establishing a profile of Norse settlement’, Scottish Archaeological Review 6, 107-15.

Cox, R. A. V., 1990a, ‘The origin and relative chronology of shader-names in the Hebrides’, Scottish Gaelic Studies 16, 95-113.

Cox, R. A. V., 1992, ‘The Norse Element in Scottish Gaelic’, Proceedings of the 9th International Congress of Celtic Studies, Paris 1991, in Études Celtiques 29, 137-45.

Cox, R. A. V., 1994, ‘Descendants of Norse bólstaðr?: a re-examination of the lineage of bost & co.’, in Peoples and Settlement in North-West Ross, ed. J. R. Baldwin (Edinburgh), 43-67.

Cox, R. A. V., 1998, ‘Old Norse berg in Hebridean Place-Nomenclature’, in Proceedings of the XIXth International Congress of Onomastic Sciences, Aberdeen August 4-11, 1996, ed. W. F. H. Nicolaisen (Aberdeen), vol. 2, 59-65.

Cox, R. A. V., 2001, ‘Maintenance of the Norse legacy in Scottish Hebridean nomenclature’, in Namn i en föränderlig värld ed. Gunilla Harling-Kranck (Studier i Nordisk Filologi 78), 45-52.

Crawford, B. E., 1987, Scandinavian Scotland (Leicester)

Crawford, B.E. 1995 (ed.), Scandinavian Settlement in Northern Britain.

Crawford, Barbara E. and Taylor, Simon 2003, The Southern Frontier of Norse Settlement in North Scotland: Place-Names and History’, Northern Scotland 23, 1-76.

Fellows-Jensen, G. 1984, ‘Viking Settlement in the Northern and Western Isles’, in The Northern and Western Isles in the Viking World, eds A. Fenton & H. Pálsson, 148-68.

Fellows-Jensen, G., 1990, ‘Scandinavians in Southern Scotland?’ Nomina 13 (1989-90), 41-60.

Gammeltoft, Peder, 2006, ‘Scandinavian influence on Hebridean island names’, in Names through the Looking Glass: Festschrift in Honour of Gillian Fellows-Jensen, edd. P. Gammeltoft & B. Jørgenson (C. A. Reitzels Forlag A/S, Copenhagen), 53-84.

Gammeltoft, Peder, 2007, ‘Scandinavian Naming-Systems in the Hebrides – A way of Understanding how the Scandinavians were in Contact with Gaels and Picts?’, in West Over Sea: Studies in Scandinavian Sea-Borne Expansion and Settlement before 1300, edd. B. Ballin Smith, S. Taylor and G. Williams (Brill: Leiden and Boston), 479-95.

Grant, Alison, 2002 ‘A new approach to the inversion compounds of north-west England’, Nomina 25 (2002), 65-90.

Graham-Campbell, James, 2006, ‘Some reflections on the distribution and significance of Norse place-names in northern Scotland’, in Names through the Looking Glass: Festschrift in Honour of Gillian Fellows-Jensen, edd. P. Gammeltoft & B. Jørgenson (C. A. Reitzels Forlag A/S, Copenhagen), 94-118.

Jennings, Andrew and Kruse, Arne, 2009, ‘One coast – three peoples: names and ethnicity in the Scottish west during the early Viking period’, in Scandinavian Scotland – Twenty Years After, ed. Alex Woolf (St Andrews), 75–102.

Kruse, Arne, 2005, ‘Explorers, Raiders, and Settlers. The Norse Impact upon Hebridean Place-Names’, in Cultural Contacts in the North Atlantic Region: The Evidence of Names, edd. Peder Gammeltoft, Carole Hough and Doreen Waugh [Shetland], 141–56.

Parsons, David N., 2011, “On the Origin of ‘Hiberno-Norse Inversion-compounds’”, Journal of Scottish Name Studies 5, 115-52.

Rixson, Denis, 2010, “The Shadow of ‘Onomastic Graffiti’”, Journal of Scottish Name Studies 4, 131-58.

Taylor, .S., 1995, The Scandinavians in Fife and Kinross: the Onomastic Evidence’, in Scandinavian Settlement in Northern Britain, ed. B.E. Crawford (London), 141-67.

Taylor, S., 2004, ‘Scandinavians in central Scotland: bý-place-names and their context’, in Sagas, Saints and Settlements, edd. Gareth Williams and Paul Bibire (Leiden, Netherlands), 125-45.

Whyte, A. C.
, 2022, ‘Understanding the Norse period through place-names evidence: a case study from the island of Mull’, in The Viking Age in Scotland: Studies in Scottish Scandinavian Archaeology ed. T. Horne, E. Pierce and R. Barrowman (Edinburgh University Press: Edinburgh) 135-142.