Society, Settlement and Environment (including Flora and Fauna)


compiled by Simon Taylor

Please contact the webmaster if you think there are any omissions to this list.


Individual elements and subjects discussed in detail are given in square brackets at end of entry.

Ansell, Michael, 2006, ‘Place Name Evidence for Woodland and Hunting in Galloway & Carrick’, in Scottish Woodland History Discussion Group, Notes XI, Eleventh Meeting, (October 2006, Scottish Natural Heritage Centre, Battleby, Perth), 3-10. Online at

Barrow, G.W.S. 1973 The Kingdom of the Scots (London), esp. chapter ‘Rural settlement in central and eastern Scotland’ (Second edition Edinburgh, 2003).

Barrow, G.W.S. 1981 ‘Popular Courts in Early Medieval Scotland: Some Suggested Place-Name Evidence’, Scottish Studies 25 (1981), 1-24 [see also Barrow 1983 and 1992] [place-names and the administration of justice].

Barrow, G. W. S., 1983, ‘Popular Courts in Early Medieval Scotland: Some Suggested Place-Name Evidence – Additional Note’, Scottish Studies 27, 67–8 [see also Barrow 1992] [place-names and the administration of justice]

Barrow, G.W.S., 1984, ‘Land Routes: The Medieval Evidence’, Loads and Roads in Scotland and Beyond, ed. A.Fenton & G.Stell, 49-66 [also in Barrow, G.W.S. 1992, Scotland and its Neighbours in the Middle Ages (London), 201-16, entitled simply ‘Land Routes’]. [Place-names and medieval travel.]

Barrow, G. W.S., 1992, ‘Popular Courts’ in Scotland and its Neighbours in the Middle Ages (London), 217-45 [amalgamates Barrow’s ‘Popular Court’ articles 1981 and 1983].

Barrow, G.W.S. 1998 ‘The uses of place-names and Scottish history: pointers and pitfalls’, in Taylor, Uses of Place-Names, 54-74.

Ewart, G., 1996 ‘Inchaffray Abbey, Perth and Kinross: excavation and research, 1987’, Proceedings of the Society of Antiquaries of Scotland 126, 469-517.

Fraser, I. A., 1987 ‘Pictish Place-names: Some Toponymic Evidence’, in A. Small (ed), The Picts: a new look at old problems (Dundee), 68-71. [environmental evidence from place-names]

Fraser, I. A., 1990-2 ‘The agricultural element in Gaelic place-names’, Transactions of the Gaelic Society of Inverness 57, 203-23. [agriculture]

Fraser, I. A., 1992-4 ‘The agricultural element in Gaelic place-names, Part II’, Transactions of the Gaelic Society of Inverness 58, 223-46. [agriculture]

Gilbert, John M., 2011, ‘Place-names and Managed Woods in Medieval Scotland’, Journal of Scottish Name Studies 5, 35–56.

Hough, Carole, 2002, ‘Onomastic Evidence for an Anglo-Saxon Animal Name: OE *pur ‘male lamb’, English Studies 83 (no. 5, November 2002), 377–90.

Hough, Carole, 2003, ‘Larkhall in Lanarkshire and Related Place-Names’, Notes and Queries 50 (March), 1–3.

Hough, Carole, 2004, ‘Two “bird hall” names in Kirkpatrick Fleming’, Transactions of the Dumfriesshire and Galloway Natural History and Antiquarian Society 78, 125–30.

Kelly, F., 1997, Early Irish Farming (Early Irish Law Series vol.IV) (Dublin). [agriculture]

Márkus, Gilbert, 2010, Place-Names, Protein and Power: The meaning of the Falkland Trenches (Falkland Centre for Stewardship, Falkland).

McNiven, Peter E., 2011, ‘Gaelic Place-names and the Social History of Gaelic Speakers in Medieval Menteith’, unpublished PhD, University of Glasgow [<>]

Jones, G.R.J., 1979 Multiple Estates and Early Settlements’, in P.H. Sawyer (ed), English Medieval Settlement, 9-34.

Taylor, S., 2006, ‘Place-names in the Historical Landscape: Changing Land Use in the Howe of Fife’, in Landscape and Environment (in Dark Age Scotland), ed. Alex Woolf (St Andrews), 75–90.

Taylor, S., 2006a ‘Wood and Tree Place Names in Scotland’, in Scottish Woodland History Discussion Group, Notes XI, Eleventh Meeting, (October 2006, Scottish Natural Heritage Centre, Battleby, Perth), 11-14. Online on

Taylor, Simon, 2009, ‘The Trenches at Falkland, Fife: a Legacy of Royal Deer-Management?’, in Carmarthenshire & Beyond: Studies in History and Archaeology in Memory of Terry James, ed. Heather James and Patricia Moore (Carmarthenshire Antiquarian Society, Carmarthen), 235–44.

Watson, A., in Hall, M., Forsyth, K., Henderson, I., Scott, I., Trench-Jellicoe, R., Watson, A., 2000, ‘Of makings and meanings: towards a cultural biography of the Crieff Burgh Cross [cross slab], Strathearn, Perthshire’, Tayside and Fife Archaeological Journal 6, 154-88 [A. Watson’s section on place-names relating to the landscape and early lordship of Strowan parish, Perthshire, the place where the cross-slab was found, 169-74.]

Watson, William J., 1914, ‘Aoibhinn an Obair an t-Sealg’, Celtic Review 9 (1913-14), 156-68 [article in English about deer hunting and associated place-names]

Whittington, G. 1977 ‘Placenames and the Settlement Pattern of Dark Age Scotland’, Proceedings of the Society of Antiquaries of Scotland 106, 99-110. [Pit-place-names and settlement]

Whittington, G. and Soulsby, J.A. 1968 ‘A Preliminary Report on an Investigation into Pit Place-names’, Scottish Geographical Magazine 84, 117-25. [Pit-place-names and settlement]

Winchester, Angus J. L., 2011, ‘Seasonal settlement in northern England: shieling place-names revisited’, in Life in Medieval Landscapes: people and places in the middle ages, edd. S. Turner and R. Silvester (Oxford: Windgather Press), 125-49. [Also covers southern Scotland]